An individual may obtain temporary or permanent residence in the United States based on employment, self-employment, or an investment. Some of the available visas are:
- L-1 Intracompany Transferees
- E-1 and E-2 Investor Visas
- E-3 Visa (exclusive for Australian citizens)
- O-1 Workers with extraordinary abilities
- H-1B Specialized Occupations (Professionals)
- H-1B1 Professionals from Chile or Singapore
- R-1 Religious Workers
- TN NAFTA Professionals
There are 6 requirements to become a US citizen through the naturalization process. You must:
- Be at least 18 years of age at the time of the application;
- Be a permanent resident (have a “Green Card”) and demonstrate continued residency in the United States for at least 5 years, or 3 years if you obtained your green card by marriage to a US citizen;
- Demonstrate that you have been physically present in the United States for at least half of that time;
- Be a person of good moral character;
- Read, write and speak basic English (subject to exceptions); and
- Have a basic understanding of US history and government and demonstrate attachment to the principles and ideals of the United States Constitution.
Family immigration is the process by which a foreign citizen is sponsored by a US citizen or a legal permanent resident (holder of a Green Card).
A citizen of the United States may sponsor and petition spouses, fiancées, parents, children, and siblings.
A permanent resident of the United States may petition spouses and children.
Deportation proceedings are initiated by the government when it considers that an individual violated an immigration law. Deportation proceedings begin when the government issues a Notice of Appearance (NTA) to an immigration judge.
The most important thing to remember is that just because deportation proceedings have begun, this does not mean that you will be deported from the United States. There are multiple defenses in deportation cases. For example, you may be eligible for deferred action, asylum, or cancellation of deportation.